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Lesson Plan: Inferences- Wizard of Oz

Subject:  ELA- Reading

Grade: 4

Lesson Objective: To understand what an inference is and draw inferences when reading the Wizard of Oz

Common Core StandardCCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.4.1- Refer to details and examples in a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.




  • What would you think if you got home and the door was locked and there were no cars in the driveway or garage?  (Allow the students to answer.)



  • You would probably think that no one was home.  You do not know that and no one told you that, but by thinking about all of the details, that is probably the conclusion that you would draw.
  • You would have made an inference.  An inference is like a conclusion that you reach after you have looked at all of the details of a situation.
  • When you are speaking to someone or when you are looking around, you make inferences a lot.  You also make inferences when you are reading.
  • Just like you pay attention to details when you are looking at something or talking to someone, you need to pay attention to the details when you are reading.
  • Details about what someone says, what someone is wearing or where the characters are will help you to make inferences.
  • For example, if you were reading a book about a cat and you read that the cat was laying on the floor next to an unraveled ball of yarn, what would you infer?  (Allow the students to answer).
  • You would probably infer that the cat had been playing with the yard and unraveled it. 
  • Now, you are going to be reading part of The Wizard of Oz.  Then, you are going to answer the questions.  Think about what you know about inferences when answering the questions.
  • Does anyone have any questions?



  • Who would like to share your answers?  (Allow the students to share and go over the answers.)


Written by Kimberly Greacen, Education World® Contributing Writer

Kimberly is an educator with extensive experience in curriculum writing and developing instructional materials to align with Common Core State Standards and Bloom's Taxonomy.

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