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Lesson Plan: Poems

Subject:  ELA- Reading

Grade: 3

Lesson Objective: To understand what poems and stanzas are

Common Core StandardCCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.3.5 Refer to parts of stories, dramas, and poems when writing or speaking about a text, using terms such as chapter, scene, and stanza; describe how each successive part builds on earlier sections.




  • When I say the word “poem,” what do you think about?  (Allow the students to answer.)



  • A poem is a kind of writing that usually has some type of rhythm, uses metaphors and is written in stanzas with rhyme.
  • A stanza is a group of lines that are grouped together.  A stanza can also be called a verse.
  • Poems usually have very descriptive language.  When authors use descriptive language, the reader is able to imagine what the poem is talking about or feel the feelings the author is writing about.
  • There are several different types of poems.  A few of the types are haikus, ballads, sonnets, and limericks. 
  • Haikus are a type of Japanese poem that has three unrhymed lines with five, seven and five syllables in each line.
  • Ballads are a story that is written in the form of a poem.  Sonnets are poems that have 14 lines.
  • Limericks are a funny poem that has five lines.  The first, second and fifth lines rhyme.  The third and fourth lines rhyme.
  • You are now going to read the poem, “One Inch Tall.”  While you are reading, I want you to think about what the poem is talking about and what type of poem it might be.
  • After you have finished reading, there are questions for you to answer.  Write the answers to the questions that are below the poem.
  • Does anyone have any questions?



  • Who would like to share their answers?  (Allow the students to share and go over the answers and where they came from.)


Written by Kimberly Greacen, Education World® Contributing Writer

Kimberly is an educator with extensive experience in curriculum writing and developing instructional materials to align with Common Core State Standards and Bloom's Taxonomy.

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