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Lesson Plan: Mythology

Subject:  ELA- Reading

Grade: 4

Lesson Objective: To learn about mythology, what it is and read a story

Common Core StandardCCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.4.4- Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including those that allude to significant characters found in mythology (e.g., Herculean).




  • Does your family tell stories about things that have happened in the family long ago?  What type of stories do they tell?  (Allow the students to answer.)



  • All groups of people tell stories.  Some families tell about things that happened long ago.  This type of story is told and passed down from generation to generation.
  • One type of story like this is called a myth.
  • A myth is a story about how something happened or came to be long ago. 
  • Myths tell about how life began on earth, they tell about gods and goddesses, they tell about death and resurrection or they tell about tricksters.
  • Myths come from many different places.  Some of the places that they come from are ancient Rome, ancient Greece and other ancient civilizations in Africa, the Americas, and Asia.
  • Ancient people used myths to help them explain things that they did not understand.  They also used myths to teach lessons.
  • When you are reading myths, you might have a hard time understanding some of the phrases. 
  • The best way to figure out the phrases is to read the whole sentence and even the sentences before and after the phrase you do not understand.  This should help you understand what the phrase means.
  • Now, you are going to be reading a myth.  While you are reading, pay close attention to what the story is telling you and if there are any phrases that you do not understand.  Then, you are going to answer questions about what you just read.
  • Does anyone have any questions?



  • Who would like to share your answers?  (Allow the students to share and go over the answers.)

Written by Kimberly Greacen, Education World® Contributing Writer

Kimberly is an educator with extensive experience in curriculum writing and developing instructional materials to align with Common Core State Standards and Bloom's Taxonomy.

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