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Lesson Plan: Drawing Inferences

Subject:  ELA- Reading

Grade: 5

Lesson Objective: To explain what part of a text means while drawing inferences about that text

Common Core StandardCCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.5.1- Quote accurately from a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.




  • What are some situations in which you draw inferences?  (Allow the students to answer.)



  • We all draw inferences.  We do it every day when we are listening to someone speaking, when we are reading and when we are watching other people.
  • An inference is a conclusion that we make using things that we already know (prior knowledge) and new information.
  • An example of an inference is a mother giving her young child blueberries to try.  The child puts the blueberry in its mouth, chews it and then spits it out.  The mother can infer that the child does not like the blueberry.
  • Sometimes when we are reading, the text does not tell us exactly what we need to know.  When that happens, we need to draw an inference.
  • A good strategy for drawing inferences is to think “It says, I know, so…”
  • When you do this, it helps you to think about what the text is telling you and what you already know.  You are then able to draw an inference.
  • Sometimes, when you are explaining how you found the information that used when drawing your inference, you need to quote the text that you are using.
  • When quoting a text, you must use the author’s exact words and you should always use quotation marks.
  • If you are quoting a text from a book, you should always include the page number so that others can find the quote.
  • Now, you are going to be reading a few paragraphs from a book.  After you have finished reading, there are questions for you to answer.  Remember to use the inference strategy and remember how to quote a text.
  • Does anyone have any questions?




  • Who would like to share their answers?  (Allow the students to share and go over the answers.)

Written by Kimberly Greacen, Education World® Contributing Writer

Kimberly is an educator with extensive experience in curriculum writing and developing instructional materials to align with Common Core State Standards and Bloom's Taxonomy.

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