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Lesson Plan: Decoding

Subject:  ELA- Reading

Grade: 3

Lesson Objective: To decode multisyllable words

Common Core Standard:  CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.3.3.C- Decode multisyllable words.




  • What do you do when you come to a long, hard word when you are reading?  (Allow the students to answer.)



  • Many times, when we are reading, we come across long or hard words that we do not know. 
  • When you come across a word that you do not know, there are a few different ways to figure out what the word is.
  • If there is a prefix or a suffix, you can figure those out first.  Then, that will just leave the root word.
  • You can look at each of the words and sound it out letter by letter.
  • One way is to break it up into syllables or make it into chunks.
  • A syllable is a small part of a word that has a vowel sound.  Some syllables have vowels and consonants and some have just a vowel.
  • When you are listening to a word, you can hear the syllables.  The syllables are the tiny pauses in a word.  For example, in the word backpack, there is a tiny pause between back and pack.  Those are the two syllables in the word.
  • You are also able to clap syllables.  For example, in the word kitchen, there is a tiny pause between kit and chen.  You know there are two syllables in the word.  To double check, you can clap the word as you say it.  (Clap each syllable as you say it.)
  • Now, you are going to be doing a worksheet so that you can practice what you learned about syllables.  There is a list of words at the top of the page.  You are going to read or figure out what those words are first. 
  • Then, you are going to figure out how many syllables are in each word.  There are three lists that have different numbers over them.  Write each word on a line under the number of syllables that it has.  For example, if you had the word pizza, you would figure out that it has 2 syllables.  You would then write the word pizza under the number 2.
  • Does anyone have any questions?



  • Who would like to share their answers?  (Allow the students to share and go over the answers.)

Written by Kimberly Greacen, Education World® Contributing Writer

Kimberly is an educator with extensive experience in curriculum writing and developing instructional materials to align with Common Core State Standards and Bloom's Taxonomy.

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