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Lesson Plan: Compare and Contrast- Candles

Lesson - Compare and Contrast - candle making

Subject:  ELA- Reading

Grade: 3

Lesson Objective: To read two different texts about making candles and compare and contrast them

Common Core Standard: CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.3.9- Compare and contrast the most important points and key details presented in two texts on the same topic.




  • How do you figure out when two things are the same or different?  (Allow the students to answer.)



  • Figuring out if things are the same or different is called comparing and contrasting. 
  • Sometimes, when we are reading, we need to compare and contrast.  We can compare and contrast different characters in stories, animals, recipes or just about anything!
  • When comparing and contrasting something that we have read, it is helpful to find the main idea and key details.
  • Who remembers how to find the main idea?  (Allow the students to answer.)
  • When finding the main idea, you think about what you are reading about.  If you are reading a paragraph that has information all about tigers, the main idea would be tigers.
  • Key or supporting details tell us more about the main idea.  Let us think about tiger example again.  If you were reading about tigers, some of the key or supporting details would be the color of a tiger’s fur, what they eat, where they live and how many of them live together.
  • Key details are what give us the information that we need about the main idea.
  • Now, let us practice comparing and contrasting.  Let us think about a pencil and a pen.  What are some of the things that are the same about them?  What are some of the things that are different?  (Allow the students to answer.)
  • Now, you are going to read two different texts about how to make candles.  Then, you are going to compare and contrast the main idea and key details in the Venn diagram.
  • Does anyone have any questions?



  • Who would like to share their answers?  (Allow the students to share and go over the answers to the questions and what information the students used to answer them.)

Written by Kimberly Greacen, Education World® Contributing Writer

Kimberly is an educator with extensive experience in curriculum writing and developing instructional materials to align with Common Core State Standards and Bloom's Taxonomy.

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