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Featured Graphic Wind and Wings



  • Science


  • K-2
  • 3-5
  • 6-8

Brief Description

Students participate in simple hands-on activities that demonstrate Daniel Bernoulli's principle of air pressure and air flight.



  • learn about Daniel Bernoulli
  • learn general information about Bernoulli's principle
  • participate in simple experiments that show Bernoulli's principle.


airplane, winds, wings, Bernoulli's principle, flight, glider, air pressure, aerodynamics

Materials Needed: model airplane, chalk, chalkboard
See the sites noted in the lesson for the specific materials needed in each activity.

Lesson Plan

  • Show students a model airplane. Ask students how they think an airplane's wings help it fly.
  • Introduce general background information about Daniel Bernoulli from Daniel Bernoulli.
  • Tell students that Bernoulli was a Swiss scientist who made a discovery about air pressure that is now called Bernoulli's Principle.
  • Explain that according to Bernoulli's principle, airplane wings are shaped so that air flows faster over the top surface than over the bottom.
  • Have students participate in one or more of the following experiments that show Bernoulli's principle.
    How Does an Airplane Fly?
    Bernoulli's Principle of Pressure
    Bernoulli's Principle and Winged Flight


  • Idea 1: Organize students into small groups to complete one or more of the experiments.
  • Idea 2: For younger students: Briefly explain very general information about Bernoulli's principle. Complete one of the above experiments as a class.


Evaluate students' participation in the experiments.

Lesson Plan Source

Education World

Submitted By

Lois Lewis

National Standards