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Winning Lesson Plan

Area and Perimeter

Subject: Mathematics, Measurement
Grade: 3-5, 6-8

Brief Description

This activity helps students discover on their own the formula for learning the area and perimeter of a rectangle and a square.


  • To enhance student knowledge of measurement.
  • To enhance student thinking and reasoning power.
  • To develop student interest in learning the subject.
  • To help students understand and apply the formulae for determining the area and perimeter of a rectangle and a square.


rectangle, square, area, perimeter, geometry

Materials Needed

  • Cut-out of a rectangle divided into number of equal, square regions
  • Cut-out of a square
  • Graph paper

Lesson Plan

  • Students learn how to determine the area of a rectangle with the help of graph paper; they count the number of squares on a sample rectangle.
  • Ask students to draw three rectangles on graph paper and to determine their areas by finding the number of squares enclosed. Also ask them to find the rectangles' length and breadth [width] and to create a table that includes that information. The students are to observe the relationships in the information recorded. They observe that the area of a rectangle is equal to the product of its length and breadth [width].
  • The students know that a square is a rectangle with a pair of adjacent equal sides. They can derive the formula for area of a square by using this fact.
  • Tell the students that the perimeter of a figure is the sum of the measure of all its sides. Then they can derive the formula for perimeter of a rectangle and a square.
  • The students solve the following problem to ensure that they understand the concept and can apply the formula. [Adapt these problems to the U.S. system of measurement.] Find the cost of fencing a rectangular field 32 meters long and 18 meters wide at $2.25 per meter. Find the cost of cultivating the same field at $12 per square meter.


Ask students to solve the following problems.

  • The area of a rectangle is 540 centimeters. If its length is 36 centimeters, what is its breadth [width]?
  • Find the area of your study table or desk.
  • What will happen to the area of a square if the length of its side is doubled?

Submitted By

Narinder Jeet Makkar, Salwan Public School, New Delhi, India

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