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Gail Skroback Hennessey taught for over 33 years, teaching sixth grade in all but two years. She earned a BA in early secondary education with a concentration in social studies and an MST in social...
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Tour de France begins July 7th: Interactive Notebook Activity


The 2018 Tour de France began on July 7th and ends on July 29th. It's considered the world's biggest and most exciting bicycling race.  Athletes competing in the race will travel  approximately 3351K     ( 2082 miles) during the 22 day race. This year's Tour de France began in Noirmoutier-en-l'lle, France, and will end in Paris, France. For a brief time, the race with cross the border into Spain . Each day(called stages), a leader  will be awarded a yellow jersey(or Maillot Jaune in French). In addition to the yellow jersey, there is a polka dot jersey awarded to the best climber(king of the mountains), a white jersey( the best youngest rider) and a green jersey(best sprinter).The Tour de France began in 1903.
See a map with the 2018 route.

Fun Facts:
1. Only men compete in the Tour de France.
2. Approximately 123,900 calories are burned by each rider in the Tour de France.

3. Approximately 42000 water bottles will be used by the racers!

4. Someone figured out that enough sweat is created from racers competing in the 22 day race, to flush a toilet 39 times!

5. Riders from France have won the most races!(36 as of 2015)

6. The Tour de France is also known as "La Grande Boucle". 

Vocabulary word: Peloton, the term for the "pack" of riders.
History of Bicycles...Did You Know? 
1. As of 2017, Copenhagen, Denmark, is the bike friendly capital of the world. Amsterdam, Netherlands, came in second, with Utrecht, Netherlands, third. Some sources say Utrecht is more bike friendly than Amsterdam.
2. Some sources say the  invention of the first “bicycle” is credited to Comte Medi De Sivrac, of France. His bike didn’t have any pedals! The year was 1792 and it was called a hobby horse(or celerifere). To move you needed your feet!
3. Other sources credit Baron Karl von Drais, of Germany, with the Draisine, meaning “running machine”.The 1917 human-propelled vehicle didn’t have any pedals.
4. A bike similar to today’s bike was created by Kirkpatrick Macmillan, from Scotland. The year was 1839. His bicycle had pedals!
5. The word “bicycle” comes from the French word “bicyclette”. The term became popular in 1868. Previous to this, bicycles were called “velocipedes” meaning “fast foot”.
6. The Penny-Farthing was a British bicycle that had a large front wheel and a much smaller wheel in the back. The name represented two British coins, the Farthing and the British Penny.
7. Early bicycles (velocipede) were known as bone shakers by their riders. With wooden wheels inside an iron rim and an iron frame, it was a very bumpy ride!
8. In 1887, Thomas Stevens became the first person to ride a Penny Farthing around the world!
9. In 1867, father and son, Pierre and Ernest Michaux, invented the modern bicycle.
10. Did you know that suffragette, Susan B.Anthony, made a comment on the bicycle? She said that the mode of transportation “has done more to emancipate women than anything else in the world.” She called the bicycle the “freedom machine.”
11. In 1896, Margaret Valentine Le Long rode a bicycle from Chicago to San Francisco!
12. Did you know that before Orville and Wilbur Wright became famous for their flying machine, they owned a bicycle repair shop? It was in their shop, in 1903, that they made their first airplane! It was called the Wright Flyer!
Extension Activities:
1. Write a diary pretending to be one of the cyclists in the Tour de France. What do you see? Feel? Hear?
2. Try this FREE crossword puzzle on France
3. Draw/color a picture of a bicycle. Write a fact learned about the Tour de France on your drawing.

4. Read about the Eiffel Tower, one of France's most famous landmarks.

5. Do you think women should be allowed to compete with the men's Tour de France? Why or why not?

6. Learn some fun facts about France.

7.Timeline on the history of the bicycle.

Gail Hennessey

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