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# Putting Turkey On a Table (Or a Graph)

Subjects

• Arts & Humanities
--Visual Arts
• Educational Technology
• Mathematics
--Arithmetic
--Statistics
• Social Studies
--Economics
--Geography
--Holidays

• K-2
• 3-5
• 6-8
• 9-12

Brief Description

Put turkey on a table (or a graph)! Show turkey population, production, and consumption statistics.

Objectives

Students will

• create tables or graphs to show statistics related to turkeys.
• mount their graphs on the outline of a turkey. (Optional)

Keywords

turkey, statistics, population, Thanksgiving, November, graph

Materials Needed[shopmaterials]

• Internet access (or printed statistics from the Web sites included in the activities below)
• art supplies for creating graphs or access to the Create a Graph online tool

Lesson Plan

In this lesson, students of all ages create tables or graphs to illustrate statistics related to turkey population, cost, and production. Students might create their graphs using art materials, software available on school computers, or with Create a Graph, a simple, free online graphing tool available on the NCES Kids Web site.

Create a Graph is a great tool -- one that will provide students with hours of free fun and learning. You will want to note, however, that this online tool has limitations; for example, it cannot graph numbers larger than 9,999. See a sample graph (right) that was created using Create a Graph.

Students will create grade-appropriate graphs. Following are some examples of graphs they might create:

Younger Students
Younger students can use the Create a Graph tool to create simple graphs such as those listed below. They might mount their graphs on a turkey silhouette. (See Turkey Coloring Page 3 for turkeys to outline, color, or cut out.)

• A table, chart, or graph that compares the price-per-pound of turkey at several grocery stores in their area. (They can use ads from local papers to make this comparison table or graph.)
• Graph the number of students who will be eating Thanksgiving dinner 1) in their own homes or 2) in a home other than their own.
• Illustrate the number of pounds of turkey consumed by each person in the U.S. (rounded, for years 1975, 1980, 1985, 1990, 1995, and 2000). See sample graph above; students might use the Create a Graph tool to create a colorful bar graph instead of a line graph. See Resource B for the statistics.
• Show in graph form the top five turkey producing states. See Resource B for the statistics. Color those states on a U.S. outline map.

Older Students
Older students might use the Create a Graph tool to build more sophisticated versions of the graphs above. They might create their graphs on art backgrounds that are colored or cut out (see Younger Students) or on original art. In addition they might create graphs to show the following:

• Number of turkeys produced each year in the U.S. See Resource B.
• A comparison between U.S. turkey consumption and consumption of other types of meat (chicken, beef, pork, and lamb).
• Growth of turkey exports in the last decade. See Resource B.
• The heaviest turkey on record by breed. See statistics for six breeds (Eastern, Florida, Merriams, Rio Grande, Goulds, and Ocellated) on the Web site of the National Wild Turkey Federation.
• The wild turkey population in your state. Many state environmental agency Web sites contain such information.

See more Thanksgiving statistics at Thanksgiving By the Numbers.

It might also be brought to students attention that there is a significant population of people in the United States who do not eat meat. Students might create a graph to show that information:

Some People Never Eat Meat

 Type of Meat Percent of People Who Never Eat It Red Meat 6% Poultry 3% Fish/Seafood 4%

Source: The Vegetarian Resource Group

Assessment

Students will write a brief paragraph that explains the information in one of the graphs they created.

Lesson Plan Source

Education World

Submitted By

Gary Hopkins

National Standards

LANGUAGE ARTS: FINE ARTS: Visual Arts
NA-VA.K-4.6 Making Connections Between Visual Arts and Other Disciplines
NA-VA.5-8.6 Making Connections Between Visual Arts and Other Disciplines
NA-VA.9-12.6 Making Connections Between Visual Arts and Other Disciplines

LANGUAGE ARTS: English
NL-ENG.K-12.4 Communication Skills
NL-ENG.K-12.7 Evaluating Data
NL-ENG.K-12.12 Applying Language Skills

MATHEMATICS: Number and Operations
NM-NUM.PK-2.1 Understand Numbers, Ways of Representing Numbers, Relationships Among Numbers, and Number Systems
NM-NUM.3-5.1 Understand Numbers, Ways of Representing Numbers, Relationships Among Numbers, and Number Systems
NM-NUM.6-8.1 Understand Numbers, Ways of Representing Numbers, Relationships Among Numbers, and Number Systems
NM-NUM.9-12.1 Understand Numbers, Ways of Representing Numbers, Relationships Among Numbers, and Number Systems

MATHEMATICS: Measurement
NM-MEA.PK-2.1 Understand Measurable Attributes of Objects and the Units, Systems, and Processes of Measurement
NM-MEA.3-5.1 Understand Measurable Attributes of Objects and the Units, Systems, and Processes of Measurement
NM-MEA.6-8.1 Understand Measurable Attributes of Objects and the Units, Systems, and Processes of Measurement
NM-MEA.9-12.1 Understand Measurable Attributes of Objects and the Units, Systems, and Processes of Measurement

MATHEMATICS: Communications
NM-COMM.PK-12.1 Organize and Consolidate Their Mathematical Thinking Through Communication

MATHEMATICS: Connections
NM-CONN.PK-12.3 Recognize and Apply Mathematics in Contexts Outside of Mathematics

MATHEMATICS: Representation
NSS-EC.K-4.7 Markets and Market Prices
NSS-EC.K-4.9 Competition in the Marketplace
NSS-EC.K-4.11 Money
NSS-EC.K-4.18 National Productivity
NSS-EC.5-8.1 Productive Resources
NSS-EC.5-8.7 Markets and Market Prices
NSS-EC.5-8.9 Competition in the Marketplace
NSS-EC.5-8.11 Money
NSS-EC.5-8.18 National Productivity
NSS-EC.9-12.1 Productive Resources
NSS-EC.9-12.7 Markets and Market Prices
NSS-EC.9-12.9 Competition in the Marketplace
NSS-EC.9-12.11 Money
NSS-EC.9-12.18 National Productivity

SOCIAL SCIENCES: Geography
NSS-G.K-12.1 The World in Spatial Terms
NSS-G.K-12.2 Places and Regions

TECHNOLOGY
NT.K-12.1 Basic Operations and Concepts
NT.K-12.3 Technology Productivity tools
NT.K-12.4 Technology Communications tools
NT.K-12.5 Technology Research tools

See more lessons from the Education World archive in our special Thanksgiving holiday page.

Last updated 11/06/2014