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G R A D E S     K   -  12    

NSS-G.K-12.1 THE WORLD IN SPATIAL TERMS
As a result of activities in grades K-12, all students should
  • Understand how to use maps and other geographic representations, tools, and technologies to acquire, process, and report information from a spatial perspective.
  • Understand how to use mental maps to organize information about people, places, and environments in a spatial context.
  • Understand how to analyze the spatial organization of people, places, and environments on Earth's surface.
[SOURCE]

NSS-G.K-12.2 PLACES AND REGIONS
As a result of their activities in grades K-12, all students should
  • Understand the physical and human characteristics of places.
  • Understand that people create regions to interpret Earth's complexity.
  • Understand how culture and experience influence people's perceptions of places and regions.
[SOURCE]

NSS-G.K-12.3 PHYSICAL SYSTEMS
As a result of their activities in grades K-12, all students should
  • Understand the physical processes that shape the patterns of Earth's surface.
  • Understand the characteristics and spatial distribution of ecosystems on Earth's surface.
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NSS-G.K-12.4 HUMAN SYSTEMS
As a result of their activities in grades K-12, all students should
  • Understand the characteristics, distribution, and migration of human populations on Earth's surface.
  • Understand the characteristics, distribution, and complexity of Earth's cultural mosaics.
  • Understand the patterns and networks of economic interdependence on Earth's surface.
  • Understand the processes,patterns, and functions of human settlement.
  • Understand how the forces of cooperation and conflict among people influence the division and control of Earth's surface.
[SOURCE]

NSS-G.K-12.5 ENVIRONMENT AND SOCIETY
As a result of activities in grades K-12, all students should
  • Understand how human actions modify the physical environment.
  • Understand how physical systems affect human systems.
  • Understand the changes that occur in the meaning, use, distribution, and importance of resources.
[SOURCE]

NSS-G.K-12.6 THE USES OF GEOGRAPHY
As a result of activities in grades K-12, all students should
  • Understand how to apply geography to interpret the past.
  • Understand how to apply geography to interpret the present and plan for the future.
[SOURCE]

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