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Subjects

  • Science
  • Language Arts
  • Visual Arts

Grade

  • 3-12

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Brief Description

Students explore legends people created to explain the phenomena of volcanoes -- and write their own legends about volcanoes.

Objectives

Students understand the scientific causes of volcanoes, demonstrate creative-writing skills, and practice the mechanics of writing.

Keywords

volcano, legend, Hawaii, myth, writing

Materials Needed[shopmaterials]

Online materials (or printouts of them) from Legends, Volcanoes in Historical and Popular Culture: Legends and Mythology, and other print or online legends about volcanoes

Lesson Plan

Explain to students that throughout history, humans have created stories and legends to explain natural events that they could not explain scientifically. The word volcano, for example, comes from Vulcan, the Roman god of fire. The Romans believed that Vulcan lived beneath Earth's surface and created weapons for the other gods. His actions caused volcanoes to erupt. Native Hawaiians believed that Pele, the goddess of volcanoes, caused eruptions. Many individual volcanoes are also named after legendary gods. Invite students to explore Legends About Volcanoes, Volcanoes in Historical and Popular Culture: Legends and Mythology, or other print or online sources of volcano legends. Then ask each student to write his or her own legend about how volcanoes form or why they erupt.

Assessment

Evaluate students on their creative writing and mechanics and on how well their legends conform to the scientific facts about volcanoes.

Lesson Plan Source

Education World

Submitted By

Linda Starr

National Standards

Science:
NS.K-4.4
NS.5-8.2
NS.5-8.6
NS.9-12.4
NS.9-12.6

English:
NL-ENG.K-12.2
NL-ENG.K-12.5
NL-ENG.K-12.6
NL-ENG.K-12.9

 

Last Updated: 10/30/2014

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