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G R A D E S     9   -  12    

NS.9-12.1 SCIENCE AS INQUIRY
As a result of activities in grades 9-12, all students should develop
  • Abilities necessary to do scientific inquiry
  • Understandings about scientific inquiry
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NS.9-12.2 PHYSICAL SCIENCE
As a result of their activities in grades 9-12, all students should develop an understanding of
  • Structure of atoms
  • Structure and properties of matter
  • Chemical reactions
  • Motions and forces
  • Conservation of energy and increase in disorder
  • Interactions of energy and matter
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NS.9-12.3 LIFE SCIENCE
As a result of their activities in grades 9-12, all students should develop understanding of
  • The cell
  • Molecular basis of heredity
  • Biological evolution
  • Interdependence of organisms
  • Matter, energy, and organization in living systems
  • Behavior of organisms
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NS.9-12.4 EARTH AND SPACE SCIENCE
As a result of their activities in grades 9-12, all students should develop an understanding of
  • Energy in the earth system
  • Geochemical cycles

  • Origin and evolution of the earth system
  • Origin and evolution of the universe
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NS.9-12.5 SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
As a result of activities in grades 9-12, all students should develop
  • Abilities of technological design
  • Understandings about science and technology
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NS.9-12.6 PERSONAL AND SOCIAL PERSPECTIVES
As a result of activities in grades 9-12, all students should develop understanding of
  • Personal and community health
  • Population growth
  • Natural resources
  • Environmental quality
  • Natural and human-induced hazards
  • Science and technology in local, national, and global challenges
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NS.9-12.7 HISTORY AND NATURE OF SCIENCE
As a result of activities in grades 9-12, all students should develop understanding of
  • Science as a human endeavor
  • Nature of scientific knowledge
  • Historical perspectives
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