Grades3-5, 6-8, 9-12, Advanced
Brief DescriptionStudents investigate the facts behind the story of Betsy Ross.
KeywordsBetsy Ross, flag, George Washington, America, symbol, synthesize, evaluate, debate, point of view, point, legend, fact, discuss, graphic organizer, drama, theater
Lesson PlanWas Betsy Ross approached by George Washington to create a flag for the United States? The real story might never be known. Many accounts of the history of the Americans flag include Betsy Ross as a central figure. Some historians question those accounts. They point out that the accounts are based on The History of the Flag of the United States, a paper delivered to the Historical Society of Pennsylvania in 1870 -- nearly 100 years after the flag was introduced -- by William J. Canby, the grandson of Betsy Ross.
Should Canby's account be believed? Many historians say that no such account should be accepted without documentation. In the case of Canby's Betsy Ross story, documentation is limited. Nevertheless, Canby's story, told many years after the flag was first flown and after Betsy Ross died, has become the basis for many accounts of how the flag came to be.
After sharing the above information with your students, introduce one person's account of the story of Betsy Ross. This www.usflag.org Web site states that the Betsy Ross story is, at best, a legend that cannot be verified.
Invite students to contribute to a class list of points that contradict Canby's version of the Betsy Ross story. For each point on that list, introduce an appropriate counterpoint from Betsy Ross and the Flag: Point-Counterpoint at The Betsy Ross Homepage. That site offers a rebuttal to most of the points at the first site. The fact remains, however, that although there is little to rebut Canby's version of the story, there is also little to support it. (Older students might be given a copy of the Point-Counterpoint information to read on their own.)
Many of the disputes surrounding the history of the American flag were probably covered in the above discussion, but it might still be appropriate to follow up that discussion by having students complete the The Betsy Ross Story: Truth or Legend? work sheet. It details five of the points historians raise about the Betsy Ross story and provides space for students to write counterpoints based on classroom discussion or on information from Betsy Ross and the Flag: Point-Counterpoint. The final question on the work sheet -- Is William Canby's version of the Betsy Ross story true? -- offers students an opportunity to use higher-level thinking skills to synthesize and evaluate the information they have collected.
The final question on the work sheet can serve as the assessment question. Evaluate students on whether they can cite facts to defend their positions.
Lesson Plan Source
FINE ARTS: Theatre
Return to the Flag Day lesson plan page.
NA-T.K-4.1 Script Writing by Planning and Recording Improvisations Based on Personal Experience and Heritage, Imagination, Literature, and History
NA-T.K-4.2 Acting By Assuming Roles and Interacting In Improvisations
NA-T.K-4.5 Researching By Finding Information to Support Classroom Dramatizations
NA-T.5-8.1 Script Writing by Planning and Recording Improvisations Based on Personal Experience and Heritage, Imagination, Literature, and History
NA-T.5-8.2 Acting By Assuming Roles and Interacting In Improvisations
NA-T.5-8.5 Researching By Finding Information to Support Classroom Dramatizations
Recognizing the Role of Theatre, Film, Television, and Electronic Media in Daily Life
LANGUAGE ARTS: English
NA-T.9-12.1 Script Writing by Planning and Recording Improvisations Based on Personal Experience and Heritage, Imagination, Literature, and History
NA-T.9-12.2 Acting By Assuming Roles and Interacting In Improvisations
NA-T.9-12.5 Researching By Finding Information to Support Classroom Dramatizations
SOCIAL SCIENCES: U.S. History
NL-ENG.K-12.1 Reading for Perspective
NL-ENG.K-12.2 Reading for Understanding
NL-ENG.K-12.3 Evaluation Strategies
NL-ENG.K-12.4 Communication Skills
NL-ENG.K-12.6 Applying Knowledge
NL-ENG.K-12.8 Developing Research Skills
NL-ENG.K-12.12 Applying Language Skills
NSS-USH.K-4.3 The History of the United States: Democratic Principles and Values and the People from Many Cultures Who Contributed to Its Cultural, Economic, and Political Heritage
NSS-USH.5-12.3 Era 3: Revolution and the New Nation (1754-1820s)
Last updated 11/24/2008
Return to the Flag Day lesson plan page.