It's no surprise that math skills suffer when they are neglected. More than 70 percent of recently-surveyed middle school math teachers recognize that students regress more in math than in any other subject during the summer break -- and take longer to get back up to speed in the fall. Two thirds of those math teachers believe their students would need to practice or apply math skills for only 15-60 minutes a week to maintain competence.
Help your students keep their math skills blooming during the summer months by encouraging them to participate in the following activities with their families.
How do your students and their families relax during the summer? Their activities might include reading, playing sports, playing games, watching TV, going on the computer, exploring their home town, shopping, enjoying nature, traveling, or. Of course, your students will be eating and sleeping and growing, too.
Math is our invisible friend in all those activities. If we can help our students and their families enjoy finding and using math everywhere in the world around them, we are planting special seeds indeed.
For "wildflower gardens," provide students with the mixed seed packets below:
For math gardens with a special theme, read on. (Suggestions for the next seven sections are directed to students.)
Do you love curling up with a good book or hearing a good bedtime story at home? How about a math story? Youll find some great suggestions at the sites below.
Do you root for a local baseball team? Youll probably enjoy following the teams statistics in the newspaper throughout the summer. You might make a graph to track changes over time. If you play a sport, try keeping track of your own statistics.
What about the geometry of sports? Playing fields and balls are geometric shapes. Take a look at how a baseball or a football is formed from several flat shapes. Can you make an indoor softball or football or soccer ball by cutting and sewing together pieces of cloth and filling with a soft material? Try researching the math terms for familiar shapes: Of course a baseball is a sphere, but did you know that a football is a "prolate spheroid" and a soccer ball is a "truncated icosahedron?" What do those terms mean? Whats the story behind the shape of the football?
Naturally, any game that requires keeping score uses math. You and your family might also enjoy inventing some new card, dice, or outdoor games, or devising scoring variations for familiar games. Maybe you could share new game ideas or scoring variations with your classmates so they can try them over the summer too.
Have you seen CBSs Numb3rs or PBSs Cyberchase? You could make a graph showing how much time you spend watching TV each week. Or you could make a graph comparing your TV time to your computer time, your outdoor time, your reading time, or another activity you enjoy.
The Web is full of wonderful math resources to reinforce skills and stimulate creative thinking. The portals below will help you find what you're looking for:
Whats the biggest building in town? How can you find or estimate its dimension? How many windows does it have?
Take a home inventory: How many books or dishes or toys or items of clothing or pairs of shoes are in your home?
Take a math hike. What geometric shapes can you find in your neighborhood or in your own home? What comes in clusters? What's symmetrical? See April's Springtime Math column for more ideas, including math in nature.
Which is a better deal: 29 cents each or 3 cans for 79 cents?
The local grocery store is a great place to apply math skills at all age levels:
Math at the mall:
Once you get started, you'll soon realize there's no limit to the math challenges you can create for yourself on a routine or just-for-fun shopping trip.
Are you planning a road trip?
Here are a few ideas to get your creative juices flowing as you eat, sleep, and grow this summer.
Keep a record of bedtimes and rising times, and calculate how long you slept each night. How does your summer sleep schedule compare to your school-year sleep schedule?
With help from a family member or friend, mark your height on a doorway and measure your height at the start and end of the summer. Did you grow? How much did you grow? Did your friends grow? Who grew most?
Each time you practice math for 10 minutes, color a petal in your math garden.
Check with the teachers of the next grade level to see how they'd like summer math activities to be documented. Younger students might enjoy coloring a math "flower" every time they complete a summer math activity, and write the name of the activity or a few words of description on the stem. (Click here for a printable garden.) Many students are accustomed to keeping a reading record where they list the books they've read, and sometimes the pages they've read, by date. You could set up a similar "Summer Math Activity Chart" for your students, and perhaps a second record for skill practice.
|Summer Math Activity Chart||Summer Math Skills Chart|
You might ask students to try at least five math activities in addition to regular computer-based skill practice. Let them know if youd like them to turn in any graphs or calculations or practice sheets, or if the summary charts will suffice. Students need not comment on every activity; alternatively, you might ask them to select three of their favorite summer math activities (or three favorite math sites) and write a paragraph describing and assessing each.
Will there be a penalty for a summer math "drought?" Will there be an incentive (a certificate, small reward, or an "A" quiz grade) for completing a certain number of summer math activities?
As you think about helping students math skills thrive over the summer, also consider the skills, concepts, and attitudes you hope to find in your new students next fall. You might like to share some of these ideas with other teachers at your school and work together to help every students garden grow.
Click here for a printable version of this article.