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Home > National Standards > Social Sciences > World History > Grades 5-12

G R A D E S     5   -  12    

NSS-WH.5-12.1 ERA 1: THE BEGINNINGS OF HUMAN SOCIETY
The student in grades 5-12 should understand
  • the biological and cultural processes that gave rise to the earliest human communities
  • the processes that led to the emergence of agricultural societies around the world
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NSS-WH.5-12.2 ERA 2: EARLY CIVILIZATIONS AND THE EMERGENCE OF PASTORAL PEOPLES, 4000-1000 BCE
The student in grades 5-12 should understand
  • the major characteristics of civilization and how civilizations emerged in Mesopotamia, Egypt, and the Indus valley.
  • how agrarian societies spread and new states emerged in the third and second millennia BCE.
  • the political, social, and cultural consequences of population movements and militarization in Eurasia in the second millennium BCE.
  • major trends in Eurasia and Africa from 4000 to 1000 BCE.
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NSS-WH.5-12.3 ERA 3: CLASSICAL TRADITIONS, MAJOR RELIGIONS, AND GIANT EMPIRES, 1000 BCE-300 BCE
The student in grades 5-12 should understand
  • innovation and change from 1000-600 BCE: horses, ships, iron, and monotheistic faith.
  • the emergence of Aegean civilization and how interrelations developed among peoples of the eastern Mediterranean and Southwest Asia, 600-200 BCE.
  • how major religions and large-scale empires arose in the Mediterranean basin, China, and India, 500 BCE-300 CE.
  • the development of early agrarian civilizations in Mesoamerica.
  • major global trends from 1000 BCE-300 CE.
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NSS-WH.5-12.4 ERA 4: EXPANDING ZONES OF EXCHANGE AND ENCOUNTER, 300-1000 CE
The student in grades 5-12 should understand
  • imperial crises and their aftermath, 300-700 CE.
  • causes and consequences of the rise of Islamic civilization in the 7th-10th centuries.
  • major developments in East Asia in the era of the Tang dynasty, 600-900 CE.
  • the search for political, social, and cultural redefinition in Europe, 500-1000 CE.
  • the development of agricultural societies and new states in tropical Africa and Oceania.
  • the rise of centers of civilization in Mesoamerica and Andean South America in the first millennium CE.
  • major global trends from 300-1000 CE.
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NSS-WH.5-12.5 ERA 5: INTENSIFIED HEMISPHERIC INTERACTIONS, 1000-1500 CE
The student in grades 5-12 should understand
  • the maturing of an interregional system of communication, trade, and cultural exchange in an era of Chinese economic power and Islamic expansion.
  • the redefining of European society and culture, 1000-1300 CE.
  • the rise of the Mongol empire and its consequences for Eurasian peoples, 1200-1350.
  • the growth of states, towns, and trade in Sub-Saharan Africa between the 11th and 15th centuries.
  • patterns of crisis and recovery in Afro-Eurasia, 1300-1450.
  • the expansion of states and civilizations in the Americas, 1000-1500.
  • major global trends from 1000-1500 CE.
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NSS-WH.5-12.6 ERA 6: THE EMERGENCE OF THE FIRST GLOBAL AGE, 1450-1770
The student in grades 5-12 should understand
  • how the transoceanic interlinking of all major regions of the world from 1450 to 1600 led to global transformations.
  • how European society experienced political, economic, and cultural transformations in an age of global intercommunication, 1450-1750.
  • how large territorial empires dominated much of Eurasia between the 16th and 18th centuries.
  • economic, political, and cultural interrelations among peoples of Africa, Europe, and the Americas,1500-1750.
  • transformations in Asian societies in the era of European expansion.
  • major global trends from 1450 to 1770.
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NSS-WH.5-12.7 ERA 7: AN AGE OF REVOLUTIONS, 1750-1914
The student in grades 5-12 should understand
  • the causes and consequences of political revolutions in the late 18th and early 19th centuries.
  • the causes and consequences of the agricultural and industrial revolutions, 1700-1850.
  • the transformation of Eurasian societies in an era of global trade and rising European power, 1750-1850.
  • patterns of nationalism, state-building, and social reform in Europe and the Americas, 1830-1914.
  • patterns of global change in the era of Western military and economic domination, 1850-1914.
  • major global trends from 1750 to 1914.
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NSS-WH.5-12.8 ERA 8: A HALF-CENTURY OF CRISIS AND ACHIEVEMENT, 1900-1945
The student in grades 5-12 should understand
  • reform, revolution, and social change in the world economy of the early century.
  • the causes and global consequences of World War I.
  • the search for peace and stability in the 1920s and 1930s.
  • the causes and global consequences of World War II.
  • major global trends from 1900 to the end of World War II.
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NSS-WH.5-12.9 ERA 9: THE 20TH CENTURY SINCE 1945: PROMISES AND PARADOXES
The student in grades 5-12 should understand
  • how post-World War II reconstruction occurred, new international power relations took shape, and colonial empires broke up.
  • the search for community, stability, and peace in an interdependent world.
  • major global trends since World War II.
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