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Featured GraphicCivil War Recipes



  • History
  • Health
  • Mathematics


  • Pre-K - 12

Brief Description

Students prepare foods, including hardtack, that were among the staples of a Civil War soldier's diet.


Students follow recipes to create foods that were common foods of the Civil War era.


Civil War, food, recipe

Materials Needed[shopmaterials]

flour, water, salt, rolling pin, knife, fork, baking sheet (for the hardtack recipe); other materials as needed

Lesson Plan

One of the staples of a Civil War soldier's diet was hardtack, a hard biscuit- or cracker-like bread. Students follow simple recipes to make hardtack and other foods that were common during Civil War times.

The recipe for hardtack is as follows:

  • Mix together 2 cups of flour, cup of water, and six pinches of salt.
  • Flatten dough to a uniform thickness of about inch.
  • Cut the dough into 3- or 4-inch squares.
  • Poke four rows of four holes (16 holes in all) in each dough square.
  • Bake on a baking sheet for 30 minutes at 400 degrees F.
  • Turn dough over and bake for another 30 minutes.
  • Turn off the oven, but leave hardtack in the oven until it cools.
  • Enjoy!

For additional Civil War recipes, see the following Web sites:


Observe students as they follow recipe directions.

Lesson Plan Source

Education World

National Standards

Social Sciences:


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