Explain Rounding and Estimating Whole Number
Rounding is a way of simplifying numbers to make them easier to understand or work with. Rounding can be used when an exact number isn't needed, and an approximate answer will do. For example, at the minute this is being written, exactly 299,588,632 people live in the United States (See the U.S. Census Bureau Population Clock.), but that number changes every day. And it's not likely you'll need to know exactly how many people live in the United States at any given moment. Instead, you could simplify that number by "rounding" it to 300 million. How does that work? Follow the steps below to learn how to round a whole number.
Estimating is another way of making numbers easier to work with when we don't need to know exactly how many; we just need to know about how many. An estimate is really an "educated guess," in other words, a guess that's based on some prior knowledge or facts.
Rounding and Estimating Lesson Plans
Rounding and Estimating Worksheets
Rounding and Estimating Interactive Activities