Search form






Brief Description

Students create a simple art project as they practice reading, writing, counting, and adding numbers 1-8.


Students will

  • practice reading and writing numbers to 8.
  • practice counting to 8.
  • practice adding two numbers that total 10 or less.


math, numbers, counting, addition

Materials Needed

  • 2 pages of mugs per student (mugs with traceable numbers 1-8 and colored cocoa for the low group, and blank mugs for the middle and high groups) (provided)
  • mini-marshmallows (approximately 30 per student); (Note: If your school prohibits the use of food products in classroom activities, cotton balls can be substituted for marshmallows.)
  • large pieces of construction paper, any color
  • glue and glue sticks
  • small paper cups and cotton swabs (for the glue)
  • crayons, pencils, scissors
  • whiteboard and marker
  • blank scrap paper
  • number strips (1-8)

Lesson Plan

Low Group:


  1. Give each student a printable page (previously cut out, with a traceable number 1 drawn on it, and colored cocoa).
  2. Model how to write the number 1, then have students trace the number with their finger, and then with a pencil/crayon.
  3. Have students color the mug and paste it on a large piece of construction paper (starting at the upper left corner).
  4. Ask students to count out the number of marshmallows written on the mug, and glue the marshmallow(s) on the cocoa. Name the number and count the marshmallows as a group.
  5. Repeat the steps above for the seven remaining mugs.
  6. If time remains, have students count the marshmallows out loud to a teacher, and practice writing the numbers on a blank piece of paper.

Middle and High Groups:


  1. Give each student two pages of blank mugs.
  2. Ask students to write a number on each of their mugs, modeling the number on the white board first, if necessary. (Use numbers in the pairs listed below). Pairs Middle Group High Group 7+1 7+2 2+1 6+2 3+1 4+2 4+1 2+2
  3. Have students color and cut out the mugs.
  4. Have students glue a pair of mugs together at the top of their piece of construction paper (pairs listed above). On the right side of each students page, write How Many?" (This is optional).
  5. Ask students to glue the number of marshmallows on the mug that correspond to the number they wrote on the mug. When they have finished, ask them to count the marshmallows on both mugs, and write the total next to the mugs, under the How Many?" column. Repeat this step for the remaining mugs.
  6. If time remains, students can make up their own problems on a blank piece of paper.


Assess students based on the accuracy of their mugs and related arithmetic.

Lesson Plan Source

Submitted By

Jen Staskiewicz, Glastonbury, Connecticut

National Standards

MATHEMATICS: Number and Operations
GRADES Pre-K - 2
NM-NUM.PK-2.1 Understand Numbers, Ways of Representing Numbers, Relationships Among Numbers, and Number Systems
NM-NUM.PK-2.2 Understand Meanings of Operations and How They Relate to One Another

More Lesson Ideas

Find links to more math lesson ideas in these Education World archives:

  • Math Subject Center
  • Daily Lesson Plans -- Math
  • Lesson Planning/Math Archive
  • Curriculum/Math Archive
  • Math Subject Center
  • Teacher-Submitted Lessons -- Math
  • Number-Cross Puzzles (Printable Work Sheets)
  • It All Adds Up Puzzles (Printable Work Sheets)
  • More Math Printable Work Sheets
  • Morning Math
  • Calculator Lessons from Texas Instruments
  • Pi Day (March 14)
  • Special Days & Holidays Lessons
  • Technology Lessons

    Education World®
    Copyright© 2010 Education World