# U.S. Presidents: How Do They Measure Up?

Subjects

Arts & Humanities
--Language Arts
Mathematics
--Measurement
--Statistics
Social Studies
--History
----U.S. History

3-5
6-8
9-12

Brief Description

Is the history of our presidents height a short story or a tall tale?

Objectives

Students will

• study a chart that shows the heights of all the U.S. presidents.

Keywords

presidents, height, tall, measure, measurement, chart

Materials Needed

Lesson Plan

How tall were the U.S. presidents? Is the history of our presidents height a short story or a tall tale? Education Worlds U.S. Presidents (By Height) chart indicates that we have had a fair mix of presidents who stood more than and less than 6 feet tall.

For this lesson, provide students with a copy of the U.S. Presidents (By Height) chart. Talk about the chart, and then provide a copy of the U.S. Presidents: How Do They Measure Up? work sheet. Students will use the chart to help them answer the questions on the work sheet. If you teach younger students you might do this activity as a group activity, or students might work in pairs to answer the questions.

Extend the Lesson

• Students might work together to create a graph as a visual representation of the heights of our presidents. The graph will help students see trends when it comes to our presidents heights. For example, have our presidents gotten taller over the years?
• Have students figure the average, mean, and median height of their classmates. Do this together. Then let students work in pairs or on their own to figure the average, mean, and median heights of the presidents.
• Students might create a bulletin board on which they arrange the presidents names (and perhaps even their presidential portraits -- source 1, source 2) from shortest to tallest.

Resource

 PRESIDENT HEIGHT George Washington (1789-1797) 6 ft. 2 in. John Adams (1797-1801) 5 ft. 7 in. Thomas Jefferson (1801-1809) 6 ft. 2 in. James Madison (1809-1817) 5 ft. 4 in. James Monroe (1817-1825) 6 ft. 0 in. John Quincy Adams (1825-1829) 5 ft. 7 in. Andrew Jackson (1829-1837) 6 ft. 1 in. Martin Van Buren (1833-1841) 5 ft. 6 in. William Henry Harrison (1841) 5 ft. 8 in. John Tyler (1841-1845) 6 ft. 0 in. James K. Polk (1845-1849) 5 ft. 8 in. Zachary Taylor (1849-1850) 5 ft. 8 in. Millard Fillmore (1850-1853) 5 ft. 9 in. Franklin Pierce (1853-1857) 5 ft. 10 in. James Buchanan (1857-1861) 6 ft. 0 in. Abraham Lincoln (1861-1865) 6 ft. 4 in. Andrew Johnson (1865-1869) 5 ft. 10 in. Ulysses S. Grant (1869-1877) 5 ft. 8 in. Rutherford B. Hayes (1877-1881) 5 ft. 8 in. James A. Garfield (1881) 6 ft. 0 in. Chester Arthur (1881-1885) 6 ft. 2 in. Grover Cleveland (1885-1889) 5 ft. 11 in. Benjamin Harrison (1889-1893) 5 ft. 6 in. Grover Cleveland (1893-1897) 5 ft. 11 in. William McKinley (1897-1901) 5 ft. 7 in. Theodore Roosevelt (1901-1909) 5 ft. 10 in. William Howard Taft (1909-1913) 5 ft. 11 in. Woodrow Wilson (1913-1921) 5 ft. 11 in. Warren G. Harding (1921-1923) 6 ft. 0 in. Calvin Coolidge (1923-1929) 5 ft. 10 in. Herbert Hoover (1929-1933) 5 ft. 11 in. Franklin D. Roosevelt (1933-1945) 6 ft. 2 in. Harry S Truman (1945-1953) 5 ft. 9 in. Dwight D. Eisenhower (1953-1961) 5 ft. 10 in. John F. Kennedy (1961-1963) 6 ft. 0 in. Lyndon B. Johnson (1963-1969) 6 ft. 3 in. Richard Nixon (1969-1974) 5 ft. 11 in. Gerald Ford (1974-1977) 6 ft. 0 in. Jimmy Carter (1977-1981) 5 ft. 9 in. Ronald Reagan (1981-1989) 6 ft. 1 in. George Bush (1989-1993) 6 ft. 2 in. Bill Clinton (1993-2001) 6 ft. 2 in. George W. Bush (2001-2009) 5 ft. 11 in. Barack Obama (2009-present) 6 ft. 1 in.
* All heights have been rounded to the nearest inch. Heights of -inch or less were rounded down. Heights above -inch were rounded up.

Assessment

How many correct answers did students have on the work sheet?
ANSWERS: 1.c, 2.c, 3.c, 4.a, 5.d, 6.b, 7.a, 8.d, 9.c, 10.d.

Lesson Plan Source

EducationWorld.com

Submitted By

Gary Hopkins

National Standards

LANGUAGE ARTS: English
NL-ENG.K-12.3 Evaluation Strategies
NL-ENG.K-12.7 Evaluating Data
NL-ENG.K-12.8 Developing Research Skills

MATHEMATICS: Number and Operations
NM-NUM.3-5.1 Understand Numbers, Ways of Representing Numbers, Relationships Among Numbers, and Number Systems
NM-NUM.6-8.1 Understand Numbers, Ways of Representing Numbers, Relationships Among Numbers, and Number Systems
NM-NUM.9-12.1 Understand Numbers, Ways of Representing Numbers, Relationships Among Numbers, and Number Systems

MATHEMATICS: Measurement
NM-MEA.3-5.1 Understand Measurable Attributes of Objects and the Units, Systems, and Processes of Measurement
NM-MEA.6-8.1 Understand Measurable Attributes of Objects and the Units, Systems, and Processes of Measurement
NM-MEA.9-12.1 Understand Measurable Attributes of Objects and the Units, Systems, and Processes of Measurement

MATHEMATICS: Representation
NM-REP.PK-12.1 Create and Use Representations to Organize, Record, and Communicate Mathematical Ideas
NM-REP.PK-12.2 Select, Apply, and Translate Among Mathematical Representations to Solve Problems

SOCIAL SCIENCES: U.S. History
NSS-USH.5-12.1 All Eras

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