The language arts lessons below have been selected from the resources of Teacher Created Resources. (Click on the advertisement above for a complete catalog of Teacher Created Resources teacher-ready activities.) The lessons below are appropriate for students in Grades K-2. Click on a work sheet headline below for a complete teaching resource; the skill listed in parentheses next to each headline is the primary skill addressed within that work sheet. Answer keys are provided below for lessons that require them.
Liven Up Your Writing (vocabulary)
ANSWERS: (Page 109) 1. A, 2. F, 3. E, 4. D, 5. C, 6. B
1. A, 2. F, 3. D, 4. B, 5. C, 6. E
All Business (vocabulary)
ANSWERS: (Page 108) 1. E, 2. A, 3. D, 4. C, 5. B
1. E, 2. C, 3. B, 4. D, 5. A
My Least Favorite Place (vocabulary)
ANSWERS: (Page 106)1. D, 2. E, 3. A, 4. C, 5. B
1. calm, 2. dance, 3. darkness, 4. speak, 5. table
Hide and Seek (word puzzles)
ANSWERS: (Page 104)
58. Catherine ran to and fro, going home.
60. Answers will vary but may be similar to:
Parts of a Word (problem solving puzzlers)
ANSWERS: (Page 93) Some possible answers are:
1. comprehend, comprehension, apprehend, reprehensible, incomprehensible, 2. umbrella, 3. aardvark, bazaar, 4. wardrobe, 5. queen, squeeze, squeegee, 6. proofread, proofreader, 7. mattress, buttress, 8. summertime, 9. anchor, anchored, poncho, 10. claim, proclaim, exclaim
Vocabulary (language arts)
ANSWERS: (Page 141) 1. D, 2. F, 3. D, 4. F, 5. C, 6. E, 7. D, 8. F, 9. C, 10. E
Adverbs (language arts)
ANSWERS: (page 231)
1.) a. carefully, b. tightly, c. brightly, d. neatly, e. busily, f. angrily, g. softly, h. gracefully
2.) a. when, b. how, c. when, d. when, e. how, f. when, g. where, h. where, i. how, j. where
3.) Answers will vary.
Adjectives (language arts)
ANSWERS: (Page 231)
1.) a. broad, b. fragile, c. circular, d. childish, e. perilous, f. careful
2.) a. interesting, b. clever, c. rusty, d. delicious, e. woolen, f. sunny, g. ripe, h. savage
3.) thick, fat, sour, high, strong, minute, scared, big
It’s Alive! (reading)
ANSWERS: (Page 110) 2. ate away; b, 3. huddled; a, 4. hop, skip, and jump; a, 5. yawn; c, 6. grabbed; b, 7. sleepy; a
ANSWERS: (Page 106) Answers will vary; possible answers:
Main Idea: Tiger was a funny cat.
Supporting Detail: He drank from the aquarium.
Supporting Detail: He would lap up the water when they gave the dog a bath.
What is the Predicate? (language arts)
ANSWERS: (Page 234) Subject: 2. Everyone, 3. Erika, 4. cat, 5. They, 6. She, 7. Summer
Predicate: was laughing., has a cold., jumped off the log., ate the birthday cake., can do a backwards flip., is the time for fishing., Remaining answers will vary.
Capitalization (language arts)
ANSWERS: (Page 231) 1. When I went to the store, I saw my teacher, Mrs. Roe., 2. My family will go to Disneyland in July., 3. I am reading Old Yeller this week., 4. My sister, Sarah, says her favorite subject is Spanish. , 5. On Wednesday, we will celebrate Groundhog Day., 6. My brother said that Mom was a cheerleader at Eastside High School., 7. In August, we’re going to visit Aunt Mary in San Francisco, California., 8. Benjie had a birthday, and we sang “Happy Birthday to You.”, 9. My friend Rosa speaks Spanish, and I speak English., 10. My neighbor Julia is going to Paris, France, next June.
Dictionary Skills (mechanics and usage)
ANSWERS: (Page 173) abalone–dog: 1. bark, 2. belly, 3. bowl, 4. breed, 5. canine
doll–listen: 1. domesticated, 2. fleas, 3. fur, 4. growl, 5. legs
litter–volume: 1. mutt, 2. paw, 3. pet, 4. puppy, 5. smell
album–fee: 1. aloof, 2. bell, 3. cat, 4. catnip, 5. climb
feed–man: 1. feral, 2. fish, 3. fluffy, 4. fur, 5. furball
map–swim: 1. meow, 2. paws, 3. pounce, 4. room, 5. scratch
ANSWERS: (Page 171) 1. stake/steak, 2. some/sum, 3. mail/male, 4. sighs/size, 5. flee/flea, 6. throne/thrown, 7. pain/pane, 8. doe/dough, 9. die/dye, 10. hour/our, 11. rose/rows, 12. tail/tale, 13. tern/turn, 14. tea/tee, 15. role/roll
Describing Colors (descriptive writing)
Alphabet Poems (classification; writing poetry)
Elements of a Story (writing; analysis)
Peace (understanding symbols; following directions)
Create a Memory Book (comparing)
Sequencing Sentences (sequencing)
ANSWERS: (Page 59) Julie was walking to school. There were clouds in the sky. It started to rain. Julie ran to school. Jake plays baseball. Jake is a good hitter. He hit two home runs. His team won. (Page 60) First letter: When I woke up this morning my mom said we were going shopping. Second letter: After the boat trip, we went to the zoo. Third letter: Let's go there after breakfast. (Page 61) Letters will vary. Accept any logical sequence.
Dialogue (using imagination; writing dialogue)
Adjectives (parts of speech)
ANSWERS: (Page 50) a. yellow, b. fat, c. green, d. round, e. red, f. soft, g. strong, h. wild, i. funny, j. black. (Page 51) underlined noun/circled adjectives. a. grass/the, green. b. flowers/the, red. c. horse/the, black. d. house/the, brown. e. pond/the, blue. f. ducks/the, yellow.
Adventure Stories (creative writing; peer assessment)
Quotation Marks (punctuation)
Creative Writing: Robot Description (descriptive writing)
U.S. Flag and the Pledge of Allegiance (vocabulary/word meaning)
Verbs (parts of speech)
ANSWERS: (Page 34) 1. Noun-Verbs, boy-skip, eat, kick. snake-slither, bite, hiss. chicken-drink, eat, scratch. fish-swim, eat, grow. dog-eat, bark, play. horse-gallop, grow, eat. duck-swim, fly, quack. fire-burn, heat, cook. wheel-spin, turn, roll. 2. Answers will vary. 3. Answers will vary. (Page 35) (Answers will vary.) a. sitting. b. throwing. c. standing. d. falls. e. flies f. growling.
October Writing Journal (creative writing)
Nonfiction Narrative Writing (reflecting and writing about oneself)
Writing About Real Objects (using anthropomorphism)
Writing a Book Summary (summarizing; critical thinking)
Pronouns (parts of speech)
Combining Sentences (analysis; writing complex sentences)
Writing a Paragraph (reasoning)
Creative Writing (descriptive writing)
Ramadan Game (multicultural understanding)
Prepositional Phrases (grammar)
ANSWERS: (Page 104) 1. a. blind. b. bald. c. now. d. quickly. e. carefully. f. hilly. 2. a. inside the house/outside the house. b. in the front/at the back. c. in the morning/at night. d. down the steps/up the stairs. e. in a polite way/in a rude manner. f. above the ground/beneath the soil. (Page 105) 1. a. in the cage. b. with long, black hair. c. before dinner. d. across the sky. e. at the supermarket. f. into the pool. 2. a. into its burrow. b. up the tree. c. before sunrise. d. along the road. e. under the tree. f. with sunglasses. (Page 106) 1. a. when. b. where. c. how. d. where. e. when. f. where. 2. (Answers will vary.)
Descriptive Writing: Verbs (synonyms; using descriptive verbs)
Combining Art and Writing (writing from a different perspective)
Topic Sentences (main ideas)
Book Report Haiku (poetry; descriptive writing)
Figurative Language (figures of speech)
Root Words (prefixes; suffixes)
ANSWERS: 1. a. door. b. wash. c. agree. d. wake. e. finish. f. joy. 2. a. unbolted. b. disappeared. c. telephoned. d. untruthful. e. unclaimed .f. rebuilding.
Main Idea (reading comprehension)
ANSWERS: (Page 17) Exercise C. 1. C.
Using a Thesaurus (synonyms; antonyms)
ANSWERS: (Page 104) Exercise A. 1. road. 2. noun. 3. This road leads straight into downtown. 4. alley, boulevard, highway, street, trail, and turnpike. 5. avenue, lane, etc. (Page 105) Exercise B. 1. path. 2. alley. 3. highway. 4. Boulevard. 5. street. Exercise C. 1. train. 2. coach. 3. tutor. 4. demonstrate. 5. instruct.
Paragraph Games (main idea)
Conjunctions (parts of speech; grammar)
ANSWERS: (Page 83) 1. a. until. b. when. c. because. d. if. e. and. f. unless.2. (Answers will vary.) (Page 84) Answers will vary.
Monsters In My Backyard (creative writing)
Color Poems (writing poetry; descriptive writing)
Descriptive Voice (descriptive writing; autobiography)
Descriptive Verbs (verbs; synonyms)
ANSWERS: 1. nibbled. 2. tiptoed. 3. stomped. 4. gobbled. 5. glanced. 6. stared. 7. paced. 8. gazed. 9. devoured. 10. strolled. 11. roared. 12. whispered. 13. cried. 14. sighed.
Creative Writing (using imagination)
Writing Directions (following directions)
Writing Sentences: Adjectives (parts of speech)
Identifying Mood (elements of a story)
Definition Poems (writing poetry)
Paragraph Writing (comparison; contrasting)
Writing Free Verse Poems (writing poetry)
Twin Words (familiar expressions)
ANSWERS: 1.a. heels. b. down. c. thin. d. never. e. sound. f. there. g. less. h. square. 2.a. nail. b. round. c. span. d. take. e. low. f. neck. g. furious. h. again. 3.a. chips. b. butter. c. pepper. d. cold. e. fork. f. sound.
Identifying Voice in Writing (persuasive writing)
Synonyms (word meaning; vocabulary)
ANSWERS: 2. Old Woman Who Lived in a Shoe. 3. Goldilocks and the Three Bears. 4. Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs. 5. Hey Diddle, Diddle, the Cat and the Fiddle. 6. Jack Sprat Could Eat No Fat. 7. Old Mother Hubbard. 8. Sleeping Beauty. 9. Three Blind Mice. 10. Little Bo Peep. 11. upon-on. 12. locate-find. 13. vivacious-lively. 14. swindle-deceive. 15. prudent-careful. Answers for 11-15 may vary.
Similes and Metaphors (figures of speech)
Punctuation (writing titles)
ANSWERS: Note: Underlining may be substituted for italics. 1. The Wall Street Journal. 2. The Secret Garden. 3. "The Ransom of Red Chief." 4. "Man in the Moon." 5. Indian Princess. 6. "Ancestors." 7. Sports Illustrated, Good Housekeeping. 8. Porgy and Bess.
Onomatopoeia (using language)
Using Adjectives (descriptive writing)
Context Clues (using context)
ANSWERS: Exercise C. 1. c. 2. good things that happen when an animal does what it is supposed to. 3. something unpleasant that follows a wrong move.
Pie Charts (graphing)
Writing and Sending E-Mail (letter writing)
Writing Autobiographical Stories (main ideas and topic sentences)
Prepositions (parts of speech; grammar)
ANSWERS: (Page 35) Exercise 1. Underlined words: 1. at. 2. during. 3. with. 4. in. 5. on. 6. under. 7. to. 8. across. 9. on. 10. to. Circled words: 1. South Pole. 2. speech. 3. bathwater. 4. pan. 5. TV. 6. table. 7. movies. 8. road. 9. table. 10. top. Exercise 2. Accept appropriate responses. (Page 36) Accept appropriate responses.
Prepositions (parts of speech; grammar)
ANSWERS: (Page 68) 1a. from. 1b. between. 1c. at. 1d. with. 1e. under. 1f. down. 2a. beside. 2b. near. 2c. against. 2d. around.2e. under. 2f. through. 3a. with. 3b. to. 3c. on. 3d. of. 3e. with. page 69. 1a. in. 1b. on. 1c. across. 1d. down. 1e. against. 1f. off. 2. Answers will vary. 3. Answers will vary. (Page 70) 1. preposition/object. 1a. in/park. 1b. to/farm. 1c. underneath/table. 1d. on/lawn. 1 e. through/trees.
2a. over. 2b. into. 2c. past/through. 2d. through/past. 2e. off. 2f. from. 2g. down. 2h. with
Pronoun and Antecedent Agreement (grammar)
ANSWERS: 1.his or her. 2. their. 3. her. 4. her. 5 his or her. 6. his. 7. their. 8. his or her. 9 their. 10. his. 11. his or her. 12. his or her. 13. their. 14. her . 15. his or her.
Photography (caption writing)
Comic Book Project (plot development; using language)
Action Verbs (descriptive writing)
Puppetry Internet Activity (planning; performing)
Clauses (grammar -- main clause; subordinate clauses)
ANSWERS: (Page 101) 1. subordinate. a. that I read yesterday? b. who was arrested by the police. c. where the railroad station was. d. if we get any hail. e. when the snow begins to fall. f. because her uncle has arrived. g. whose dog bit the policeman. h. which has yellow blossoms on it. 2. main/subordinate. a. The student was punished/who stayed away from school. b. The lady spoke to the teachers/who is in charge of the school. c. I broke the bottle/that had juice in it. d. The farm belongs to my uncle/where the grapes are grown. e. The shed was burned to the ground/that houses the equipment. f. The cupboard is made of mahogany/that is used to store glasses. g. The food is in the refrigerator/that is fit to be eaten. h. We visited the place/where stone is mined. (Page 102) 1. a. that killed the sheep. b. which began on Easter Day c. which was planted in spring. d. whose father is from Paris. e. that likes to chase its tail. f. which is in the museum. 2. Answers will vary. 3. Answers will vary.
Writing and Following Directions (writing detail; following directions)
Complex Sentences (grammar -- subordinate conjunctions; adverb clauses)
ANSWERS: 1. *Although* he was tired, mad, and hungry. 2. None. 3. *even though* he does not have a job. 4. *When* he found out that the price for the buffet did not include a soft drink. 5. *When* Luke made homemade ice cream. 6. *Since* there are 85 billion different possibilities for the first four moves of a chess game. 7. *If* you add kiwi fruit to gelatin. 8. *When* he began using his phone book to call random numbers.
Impromptu Speech (public speaking; peer assessment)
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