Under the federal No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act, children are eligible for school choice when the Title I school they attend has not made adequate yearly progress (AYP) in improving student achievement -- as defined by the state -- for two consecutive years or longer and is therefore identified as needing improvement, corrective action, or restructuring.
Any child attending such a school must be offered the option of transferring to a public school in the district -- including a public charter school -- not identified for school improvement, unless state law prohibits such an option, according to the U.S. Department of Education. NCLB requires that priority in providing school choice be given to the lowest achieving children from low-income families.
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Article by Ellen R. Delisio
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